General Operating Support: A Guide for Trustees

This report provides a thorough introduction to general operating support by clearing up common misconceptions and offering key definitions, resources, examples and steps trustees can take to advance dialogue on the feasibility of making general operating support grants. You can use this piece as a way to broach this topic and have candid conversations with your board.

Is Grantmaking Getting Smarter?
A National Study of Philanthropic Practice

This national field survey from Grantmakers for Effective Organizations (GEO) examines some of the key shifts in grantmaking practice, including trends in general operating, capacity building and multiyear support, and what they mean for supporting nonprofit resilience.

“Treatment and Reimbursement of Indirect Costs Vary Among Grants, and Depend Significantly on Federal, State, and Local Government Practices”

This in-depth research report from the Government Accounting Office reviewed gaps in terminology, classification, and reimbursement of overhead costs in government grants.

On The Money 

This publication from Grantmakers for Effective Organizations (GEO) highlights the financial challenges nonprofits face and the ways in which grantmakers are both improving the situation as well as perpetuating the problem.

General Operating Support:
A GEO Action Guide Vol. 1

A report inspired by a spirited discussion on GEOList among members of Grantmakers for Effective Organizations about general operating support, its limitations, and its advantages.

Assessing the Impact:
General Operating Support Vol. 2

A presentation from Grantmakers for Effective Organizations (GEO) of two approaches in assessing the impact of general operating support grants: one that emphasizes pre-grant assessment and one that relies more on assessment during and after the grant.